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Click on each exercise to view video
Exercise Muscles Strengthened Functional Benefits Postural Benefits
Deltoid Press 2 Middle Deltoid Pectoralis major, Anterior Deltoid, Supraspinatus, Upper and lower trapezius. Self care activities, Loading and unloading wheelchair, Lifting objects. Broad shoulders.
Reverse Deltoid Press 2 Anterior Deltoid, Pectoralis major, Middle Deltoid, Supraspinatus, Upper and lower trapezius Same as above Broad shoulders.

Bicep Curls2

Biceps, Brachialis, Brachioradialis, Pronator teres. Self care activities, Loading and unloading wheelchair, lifting objects. Shapes and isolates biceps.
Reverse Curls 2 Brachioradialis, Biceps, Pronator teres Transfer activities such as repositioning legs. Shapes and isolates biceps.


Posterior deltoid, Rhomboids, Latissimus dorsi, Infraspinatus, Teres major and minor, Middle trapezius. Balance strong anterior deltoid muscles, Wheelchair sports, Open manual doors, Pulling activities, Transfers, Wheelchair propulsion. Broad shoulders, Reduced slouch, Square shoulders.
Lateral Shoulder Raise 2 Anterior deltoid, Pectoralis major (clavicular), Middle deltoid, Biceps, Supraspinatus, Upper and lower trapezius.   Defines and isolates neck.
Reverse Lateral Raises 2 Middle deltoid, Pectoralis major (clavicular), Supraspinatus, Upper and lower trapezius.    

Seated Chest Press
(wide grip)

Pectoralis major, Anterior deltoid, Coracoblisachialis, Serratus anterior, Pectoralis minor, Subscapularis, Triceps. Driving and braking, Wheelchair propulsion, Transfers, Pressure relief Broad chest.
Seated Chest Press
(narrow grip)3
Triceps, Anterior deltoid, Coracobrachialis, Serratus anterior, Pectoralis major and minor, Subscapularis. Same as above. Broad chest.
Lat Pull3 Latissimus dorsi, Pectoralis major (sternal portion), Pectoralis minor, Posterior deltoid, Rhomboids, Teres major. Pressure relief, transfers. V shaped upper body, Reduced slouch.

Shoulder External Rotation3

Infraspinatus, Posterior deltoid, Rhomboids, Teres minor. Counteract tight internal rotators. Transfers, Pressure relief.  


Latissimus dorsi, Lower trapezius, Pectoralis minor, Subclavius, Teres major, Triceps. Transfers, Pressure relief.  
Shoulder Extensions3 Posterior deltoids, Latissimus dorsi,Teres major, Triceps. Wheelchair sports, Pulling activities, Transfers.  
Shoulder Depressors Lower trapezius, Latissimus dorsi, Teres major, Pectoralis minor. Transfers, Pressure relief, Wheelchair propulsion  

Tricep Extension4

Triceps, Anconeus Reaching overhead, Transfers, Pressure relief, Wheelchair propulsion. Add size and definition to triceps.

Aerobic Exercise

Cardiovascular Health Endurance for daily activites, Wheelchair propulsion.
1. Major muscles emphasized are shown in bold. 2. Most C5 and all C6 and below quadriplegics should be able to perform this exercise. 3. Some C5, most C6, and all C7 and below quadriplegics should be able to perform this exercise. 4. Some C6, most C7, and all C8 and below tetraplegics and quadriplegics should be able to perform this exercise.

Note: You should consult a physician or a physical therapist before beginning any exercise or physical therapy program. The physician or therapist can help you determine the most appropriate and safe exercise program for your level of injury and needs.
Unassisted Exercise Equipment for Quadriplegics....
With C4-C5, C5, C6, or C7 Spinal Cord Injury
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Acquiring the UPPERTONE
UPPERTONE's 16 Exercises for People With C4-C5 or C5, C6 & C7 Spinal Cord Injury
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Uppertone's 16 Unassisted Exercises for Quadriplegics...
Proven Benefits
16 Exercises